Jamaica is the largest English speaking Caribbean capital, the third largest island and the fourth largest country in the Caribbean. At the foot of the Liguanea Plains and surrounded by the Blue Mountains lies Kingston, the island’s cosmopolitan capital. Kingston is Jamaica’s cultural, industrial and financial center. Jamaican paintings, sculpture and pottery are among the best in the Caribbean. What makes Jamaican art extraordinary is its diversity, based on its ethnological African, European and American blend and the great variety of styles, modes and forms employed by the local artists. Jamaican music has also made the island famous, especially with reggae lovers. Kingston’s nightlife is centered in Knutsford Boulevard, also referred to as the Kingston Strip.
Jamaica has a mixed, free-market economy consisting of a combination of state-owned entities and private-sector organizations. The Kingston Harbor is one of the largest natural harbors worldwide. The four most important economic sectors are tourism, mining, agriculture and manufacturing.
|Language(s)||English and Jamaican Patois (Creole language, based on English)|
|Population||An estimated 700,000 inhabitants|
|Political Status||Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The queen of England is the head of state, locally represented by a Governor-General.|
|Area||10,991 sq km² (6,82949 sq. miles)|
|Currency||Jamaican Dollar (JMD)|
|Climate||Tropical climate with a wet and dry season and an average temperature between 22°C (72°F) and 31°C (88°F)|
|Selected Main Attractions||Blue Mountains: Newcastle (historic fort) , John Crow National Park and Mavis Bank (coffee farm), Bob Marley Museum, National art gallery, Lime Cay (beach) and the former pirate capital Port Royal|
|Shopping||In Kingston you will find plenty of major department stores as well as discount warehouses or individual boutiques. There are a number of interesting shopping areas selling a broad range of locally-crafted, original and antique merchandise.|
|Electrical Current||110 V/50 Hz|